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Park of La Serralada de Marina


 

Located in the Serralada Litoral mountain range, Serralada de Marina Park is bordered to the west by the Besòs river and Collserola Park and to the north-east by Serralada Litoral Park. It falls between the regions of El Barcelonès, El Maresme, El Vallès Occidental and El Vallès Oriental.
 
With an area of 2,086 hectares, the park is of particular environmental, cultural and landscape interest. This is enhanced by its location, beside one of the most densely populated areas of the metropolitan region of Barcelona. Thanks to this strategic position, bordered by the Besòs plain to the west and south and by El Maresme to the east, both economically dynamic areas, the southern sector of the Serralada de Marina mountain range plays a key role in defining the territorial structure of this zone.
 
The Serralada de Marina Park Consortium consists of the towns of Badalona, Montcada i Reixac, Santa Coloma de Gramenet, Sant Fost de Campsentelles and Tiana, the Metropolitan Area of Barcelona and the Barcelona Provincial Council.
 
The Special Plan, which is sensitive to the specific problems facing peri-urban areas, regulates this territory and establishes the basic criteria for environmental and landscape protection and improvement, combining the conservation of natural and cultural heritage with the use of the area and the continuation of economic activities.

Physical context


 

Geographically speaking, the area corresponds to the southern edge of the Serralada de Marina mountain range, in the sector known as La Conreria, which runs parallel to the coastline from south-west to north-east.
 
The landscape generally consists of rolling hills shaped by the erosion of the predominantly granitic materials, broken up in some places by outcrops of other rock types. The highest point is the Galzeran hill, with an altitude of 485 m.
 
The streams in the park have hollowed out riverbeds in the highest and most steeply sloping areas, which give way to gentler, broader watercourses in the mid and lower valleys. The main soil type is granite sand, which is very characteristic of the area and is the result of the grinding down of granite.

Flora and fauna


 

The Serralada de Marina mountain range is situated at the heart of the Mediterranean biogeographical area. The differencesin relief and aspect of the area have led to a great richness of species and diversity of natural systems.
 
The shady valley sides are home to species native to wetter zones, such as holm oak and common oak groves. The natural systems of the sunny sides of the valleys are those native to dry zones, and the vegetation here consists of shrub and herbaceous communities, with some groves of trees consisting mainly of stone pine. Within this context, there are some formations that are of interest due to their rarity, vulnerability, unique nature and state of preservation, such as the beard grass meadows and the areas of scrubland, brush and maquis which are home to extremely diverse species of flora and fauna. In areas where low shrub growth dominates, species of fauna native to open spaces can be found, some of which are extremely rare in Catalonia; breeding and trans-Saharan migratory species such as the black-eared wheatear, the Orphean warbler, the woodchat shrike and the tawny pipit. The park is also an important stop-off point on the migratory route of birds of prey such as the red-footed falcon and Eleonora´s falcon.
 
The riverside plant colonies should also be highlighted, as they provide a veritable network of biological connectors. Some of the highlights of the main plant communities are the groves of chaste tree that still grow alongside several streams on the coastal side, and the magnificent riparian forest, with highly significant species such as the European alder and the common hazel.

Socio-economic context


 

Forestry activity in the area is minimal. The intensive public use of the woodlands, their social function and their role in environmental protection take precedence over economic considerations.
 
In terms of agricultural activity, there are 240 hectares of land classified as agricultural, half of which are used in the cultivation of grape vines, with the rest used for orchards, animal fodder production and cereals.
 
Today a great deal of traditionally agricultural land is located in peri-urban areas and there is strong pressure to build on it. In the industrial sector, opencast mining is particularly noteworthy. This has left and continues to leave its mark on the environment and the landscape.

Architectonic heritage


 

The area covered by Serralada de Marina Park is a good example of the history of the population of Catalonia. The Iberian settlements of Puig Castellar, the Maleses hill and the En Boscà hill, with their defensive walls, remind us of the first people to settle on the peaks and hills. With the incorporation of the area into the Roman world (2nd century BCE), these fortified and walled villages disappeared and the formation of cities began, as in the case of nearby Baetulo (Badalona), as well as significant settlement in rural areas. The majority of the country estates that exist today in the Marina area are descendents of these Roman settlements. Examples include Can Sant-romà (or Senromà), Can Butinyà, Can Mora, Can Pujol and El Mas Boscà. The decline of the Roman Empire (3rd century) and the first Germanic invasions had a major impact on the country. Baetulo was destroyed. The Visigoth invasion and later the Arab invasion (8th century) emptied the coastal areas the occupants moved inland, for example to the Pomar valley. Later, villages were set up around churches, such as Sant Pere de Reixac and Sant Cebrià de Tiana (now the church of La Mare de Déu de l'Alegria), or around significant religious buildings such as Sant Jeroni de la Murtra and the Carthusian monastery of Montalegre.
 
A series of kings lived at Sant Jeroni de la Murtra, belonging to the Hieronymite order (the order responsible for the construction of the chapels of Sant Climent, Sant Onofre and La Miranda) and it was here that Christopher Columbus was received on his return from his first voyage to America. The Carthusian monastery of Montalegre can be considered from an architectural perspective as an almost perfect example of a Carthusian structure. La Torre Codina (14th century), Can Miravitges (15th century), Torribera (15th century) and Can Moià (14th century) are buildings that form part of estates and farms that grew up as a result of a time of prosperity for the traders of Barcelona.
 
Among the feudal houses and castles, the Torre Pallaresa and Gotmar castle are worth mentioning. In the 20th century, middleclass Barcelona families built houses here in which to spend the summer, such as Can Valentí, Can Miralpeix (Torre Oriol), Can Bonet and Can Toi.

Visits and places of interest


 

Iberian settlements
 
The various historical sites, such as the Iberian settlements of Puig Castellar (5th-2nd centuries BCE), the Les Maleses hill (3rd-2nd centuries BCE) and the En Boscà hill (3rd-2nd centuries BCE), provided good examples of the early human settlement of the mountain range.
 
Chapels and monasteries
 
The chapels of Sant Climent and Sant Onofre, the monastery of Sant Jeroni de la Murtra and the church of Sant Pere de Reixac are good representations of the area´s historical heritage.
 
The springs
 
There are several springs in Serralada de Marina Park where visitors can enjoy a pleasant walk in cool, fresh surroundings. These include the Alzina spring, the Alba spring, the Tort spring, the Pop spring, the Amigó spring, the Caçadors spring and the Avellaners spring.
 
The peaks
 
Some peaks, such as Puig Castellar (303 m) and the Galzeran hill (485 m) provide excellent panoramic views of the coastal side of the park and into the Vallès region, as well as serving as strategic points for the observation of migrating birds of prey throughout the autumn.
 
Recreation areas
 
In order to provide spots in which visitors can rest and enjoy a picnic in the open air, recreation areas have been provided at the Alba spring, the Alzina spring, Les Oliveres, the Tort spring and El berenador de Can Ruti.

Activities


All activities information may be found in greater detail and updated at Park Agenda which may be consulted on the Internet.

Trails


 

The Serralada of Marine is crossed by numerous tracks and paths that run across the slopes and along the ridges. The proximity of large urban areas and the fact that the park is served by public transport networks enable visitors to take short, easy walks which offer fine views. There are signposted routes which take in places of interest.
 
Complete itineraries information may be found at itineraries on foot which may be consulted on the Internet.

Information


 

Management Office La Conreria
Ctra. B-500, km 6
08391 Tiana
Tel. +34933 956 336
Fax +34933 956 768
Opening hours: monday to friday, from 9 a.m. to 2 p.m.

Access


 

Equipment and services


 

Suggestions


 

  • Respect agricultural, stockbreeding and forestry activities, as they provide the livelihood of many of the park´s inhabitants.
  • Use the network of signposted tracks and paths. Remember that the maximum permitted speed is 30 km/h. Vehicles, bicycles and horses must not be driven or ridden off roads and tracks for public use. Do not park in front of the chains preventing access to certain tracks.
  • Enjoy the park while respecting the diversity of the natural and architectural heritage.
  • The Serralada of Marine is crossed by numerous tracks and paths that run across the slopes and along the ridges. The proximity of large urban areas and the fact that the park is served by public transport networks enable visitors to take short, easy walks which offer fine views. There are signposted routes which take in places of interest.
  • Respect nature and the peacefulness of the park, particularly in breeding areas. Avoid making unnecessary noise.
  • Hunting, fishing and tree felling activities are regulated by law.
  • Abandoning pets is cruelty and is classed as a crime by the law.
  • Remember that burning branches and other materials, letting off fireworks, lighting fires and barbecues in woodland areas and within 500 metres of them are expressly prohibited (except at the times of year allowed by law and with prior authorisation from the relevant authority).
  • Do not throw away rubbish. Take your rubbish home with you or use the bins in the towns in the park.
  • Camping, including camper vans, in non-designated areas is not allowed. If you wish to camp, a permit is required. Local councils will advise you on how to obtain one.