- Hills amidst the Plains and the Sea
- A Great Variety of Habitats and a Refuge for Species
- Neolithic Gems, Castles and Hermitages
- The Environment and Life
- Making the Most Out of It
- Places of interest
- Trails and paths
- Facilities and services
The park plays a fundamental ecological role, since it connects the coast with the valleys inland.
Its location, in a densely populated area surrounding the metropolitan area of Barcelona, has helped turn it into a busy natural space.
With a surface area of 7,408.24 ha, the park spans the EIN (Space of Natural Interest) of La Conreria-Sant Mateu-Céllecs and is situated in the central part of the Litoral and Marina mountain ranges, between the Besòs river and the Argentona stream.
This natural space is regulated and protected by the Special Plan for the Protection of the Natural Environment of the La Conreria-Sant Mateu-Céllecs Landscape and it is characterised by gentle slopes, a pleasant climate and a Mediterranean forest of oak and pine trees that rise up between the sea and the plains of the El Maresme and the El Vallès Oriental depression.
Between the sunny and shaded areas, the variety of natural environments translates into fauna that is equally as varied.
In spite of being a particularly forested area, the agricultural areas and the open spaces in the central part of the park increase its biodiversity.
The stone and Aleppo pine forests, on the slopes of El Maresme, contrast with the holm oaks, accompanied by oak trees, on the damp and leafy shaded spots of the El Vallès side. The scarce water courses are home to alders, poplars and hazelnut trees, which are interspersed with reed swamps, poplar plantations and plane trees.
Squirrels, common genets, long-tailed field mice, Euroasian badgers and foxes are some of the more common mammals. Among the numerous birds, we find jays, European green woodpeckers, robins and great tits. Birds of prey such as the goshawk, the sparrow-hawk, the eagle-owl, the Egyptian vulture, the short-toed snake-eagle and the European honey buzzard look for prey in summer in clearings and open spaces. Marbled newts and fire salamanders, among other amphibians, and reptiles such as the Montpellier snake, complete a varied range of fauna, who find the park to be an ideal space to live and take refuge.
Its privileged location has made the park a coveted territory.
Remains of human presence on these lands date back to prehistoric times and, since then, it has not ceased.
From the Neolithic period numerous extraordinary examples remain such as the dolmens of Roca d’en Toni, Castellruf and Céllecs, among others, or the cave of Les Encantades and the cave of La Granota. In the Iberian age, the Laietani built various settlements on top of the hills such as those of Cadira del Bisbe, Burriac and Céllecs.
During the Middle Ages, the Romanesque hermitages of Sant Mateu, Sant Bartomeu de Cabanyes and Sant Pere de Clarà were erected, and farmhouses such as Can Boquet were built. On the summit of the same name stands Burriac castle, a symbol of the park.
In the modern age, the arrival of the train, along with the phenomenon of summer holidaying, transformed and gave new life to some areas of the park, converting it into a great space between El Vallès and El Maresme.
Since ancient times, economic exploitation of natural resources has been a constant factor that has transformed the park’s landscape.
The main economic activities are agriculture, livestock and forestry; however, the tertiary sector is becoming stronger and stronger.
On the slopes of El Maresme, characterised by a pleasant climate, vineyards and vegetable gardens are abundant, as well as the cultivation of flowers and ornamental plants, whilst livestock has a secondary presence. By contrast, on the El Vallès side, which has a harsher climate, there is greater development in livestock and the cultivation of cereals and fodder. In terms of silviculture, there are coniferous forest plantations and leafy areas with poplar trees and plane trees, especially noticeable in the area surrounding El Mogent. In the forests of the mountains, rich in pine trees, pine cones are collected to extract the prized pine nuts, which are used in baking.
Currently, agricultural activity and the use of farmhouses are increasingly becoming practices linked to the tertiary sector, since pedagogical and leisure facilities, as well as wineries and restaurants, have emerged. Some of them form part of the programme Parc a taula (Park at the Table), with which you can enjoy some of the best cuisine made with produce from the park.
Whether you choose to take an improvised stroll or you prefer a longer stay full of programmed activities, it’s easy to make good use of the park.
The park has on offer a great network of facilities and programmes that allow you to get to know the park better and to enjoy everything that is available to do.
The Serralada Litoral Park has a strategically located information centre and point and a documentation centre, in addition to numerous signposted itineraries, routes and guided walks, pedagogical and cultural facilities, viewing points, permanent exhibitions, travelling exhibitions and informative publications.
Workshops and environmental education activities and cultural and leisure programmes are also organised, such as Viu el parc (Live the Park) and Poesia als parcs. Lletres i paisatges (Poetry in the Parks. Words and Landscapes); a range of options for discovering and enjoying our natural environment, always in a respectful manner.
Can Gol II dolmen, the rock of Les Orenetes, the Foradada rock and the rock of Les Creus (La Roca del Vallès), the dolmens of Roca d'en Toni (Vilassar de Dalt), Castellruf (Santa Maria de Martorelles), and La Cabana del Moro (La Roca del Vallès), the caves of Les Bones Dones (Cabrils), La Granota and En Pau (Vilassar de Dalt).
All information may be found in greater detail and updated at Park Agenda which may be consulted on the Internet.
The park has ten signposted walking trails: 'La roca d´en Toni', 'The Squirrel Route', 'The Montcabrer Cross', 'Burriac Castle from Cabrera de Mar', 'Burriac Castle from Argentona', 'The El Vedat Route', 'Riudemeia Birdwatching Trail', 'Prehistoric Route I Can Gol-Céllecs', 'Prehistoric Route II Can Planes-Sant Bartomeu' and 'The Green Meridian' (from La Roca del Vallès to Ocata beach). The longdistance GR 92 hike trail crosses the park lengthways and the GR 97.3 runs from El Vallès Oriental to El Maresme. Finally, there are a number of trails marked out by the local municipalities, such as 'El Torrent del Fonoll' in Alella.
Office of Park of Cabrera de Mar
- Respect agriculture and livestock as they are the livelihood of many inhabitants of this park.
- The forest is a natural resource and is used rationally in this area. Uses are regulated by the Catalan Forestry Act and by the regulations of the Special Plan.
- Use the network of signposted tracks and paths. Vehicles, bicycles and horses must not be driven or ridden off roads and tracks for public use. Remember that the maximum permitted speed is 30 km/h. Do not block the way when stopping your car.
- Enjoy the park and preserve the natural and architectural wealth.
- Respect the peace and quiet, especially of bird nesting places. Do not make unnecessary noise.
- Hunting is regulated in order to ensure the maintenance of local species.
- Abandoning pets is cruel and punishable by law.
- Holly (Ilex aquifolium) is a rare tree that provides shelter and food for many species of animals. It is protected by law and collection of both the tree and parts thereof is penalised.
- Remember that burning branches and other materials, throwing fireworks, lighting fires and barbecues in the forest areas and in a radius of 500 metres are expressly prohibited (except in the period of the year in which the law so allows and with prior authorisation from the competent body).
- Do not throw away rubbish. Use the bins or containers provided or those of nearby villages.
- Camping in non-designated areas is not allowed. If you wish to camp, a permit is required. Councils will advise on how to obtain one.
- If you gather wild mushrooms or medicinal herbs, do not damage the forest by using tools or by digging in the earth.